Building Background – Benefits of Using Sentence Frames to Build Background Knowledge

Even as native English speakers we sometimes struggle with just the right word to explain, describe, clarify, or elucidate what we want to convey. We always understand more than we can speak. One of best ways to engage English language learners (ELL) in actively acquiring new material is to connect their background knowledge to the new topic. So, let's give them some brackets to help them use language.

We will be most successful if we remember to always start with the concept or theme.

# 1 When beginning a new topic, let pairs pretest one another. Write this sentence frame on a board, overhead, or PowerPoint, or make your own blackline master with the sentence frame repeated four to six times on a page so you can cut them into strips to hand out to the pairs.

A: "Do you know anything about (topic)?

B: "I'm not sure, but I do know _____."

Egypt "I think it could be _____ because I learned _____."

After students copy the sentence frame, or use the handy strips, erase the word 'topic' in the first sentence. Write in the topic for today. It may be a theme, or a characteristic, or an emotion.

  • Read the sentence frame aloud to the students.
  • Read it again, and this time the students should repeat after you.
  • Give them sixty seconds (yes, really time it, using the entire sixty seconds) to look at the word and think about everything they know about it. No talking. No writing. Just thinking.
  • Next, let students use another 60 seconds (yep, time it again) to write words and phrases to capture their thoughts about the topic.
  • Finally it is time to talk.

This is time well-spent. Your lesson will be stronger and more relevant. Your students will be engaged. You can continue to spiral the content, connecting it to what they already know or previously learned. The ELs will build confidence as they are encouraged to think, write, and talk about what they already know.

# 2 Plan more opportunities for pupil interaction. Here's another sentence starter than can be used with individuals, then shared in small groups.

This new theme of _____ reminds me of a time in my life when _____.

# 3 Make sentences frames with the word 'because' to have students explain connections between previous learning and the new topic.

"I think the next topic will be _____ because our last lesson was _____."

This kind of sentence frame encourages prediction according to prior learning. This is a good time to show the students how much they have learned and how it all links together.

# 4 After reading a story, a sentence frame can be used to let students speak with a partner. You can expand this speaking activity to include a second partner, like elbow- partners and across-the-aisle partners. Provide a sentence frame:

For example, "I think _____ is a hero, because _____."

# 5 Ask students to make comparisons to concrete objects in linguistic ways. Hand out objects to students and give them some time to think and write again, before speaking.

Try this sentence frame with a variety of objects:

I am like this _____ (Snickers bar), because I am _____ (nutty).

I am like this _____ (Matchbox Ferrari), because I am _____ (small and fast).

I am like this _____ (red pencil) because I am _____ (my face is red because I have to talk aloud).

The objects you use can be almost anything!

Now that your imagination is raising up, make up some brackets to use tomorrow.

  • Think about how you would want the smartest student in the school to speak.
  • Then use your target vocabulary and academic language to make a sentence frame.
  • Encourage your ELLs to speak in complete sentences in all conversations in the classroom. This will increase their academic vocabulary, which maximizes learning, and builds confidence.
  • Kids like to feel smart!

All About Online Shopping

Identification

The process of online shopping is really easy. It allows people to shop for products and services from the comfort of their own home with the help of a computer and internet connection. A person can visit an online retailer and purchase an item with their credit card. The products or services are then delivered to the address that was provided. With a growth of 33% in 2005, online shopping is continuing to gain popularity all over the world.

Benefits

There are a number of benefits attached to online shopping. The most important advantage is that of convenience. Customers can buy whatever they want during breaks at work or while they are at home without going into crowded malls. Online shopping allows people to shop at any time of the day. One can also book mark a page and come back when they think that the time is right without feeling rushed.

Warning

Always make sure that you are shopping on websites that are legit. You can do so by looking up their names in the Better Business Bureau database. Be careful of phishing. Make sure that the website is secure by ensuring that the address starts with ‘https’. Only give out information about your credit card once you are sure that it is secure. Try and use a credit card as opposed to a debit card or checking account as it is easier to have the theft stopped as compared to the other two alternatives.

Considerations

Don’t get carried away with the cheap rates that you are getting online, as they may pad up process in the shipping. So, be careful and ensure that you double check the shipping rates and compare them with postal rates from UPS, Unites States Postal Service or FedEx. Also, make sure that you do not over pay your shipping charges and look for other details like cancellations, return policy etc. Make sure that you have the contact information of the online retailer in case you have any questions or want to track your shipment.

Types

Today, you can buy absolutely anything online. People buy groceries, food products, medicines and even herbal remedies. The most popularly bought products online are books. According to an online article by Nielsen in January 2008, 41 % of internet users bought books online. Clothing, DVDs, electronics, games and tickets are a few other things that are popularly bought through the online medium.

Everything You Need to Know Before You Buy

Asian Walnut wood flooring is one of the most unique hardwood species available in the market today. Often referred to as Acacia, this walnut hard wood floor is harvested obviously in Asia. Asian Walnut wood floors have become increasingly popular in the last few years. Although Oak is still the # 1 seller in wood flooring, exotic species such as Asian Walnut and Brazilian Cherry have made long strides towards becoming main stream wood flooring choices. If you are looking for a very distinct floor that is considered a center piece for your room or home, Asian Walnut hardwood flooring is definitely worth considering. There are several things you need to know when considering the exotic Asian, Acacia Walnut species of floors.

Most Asian Walnut floors are offered with a factory finish. Factory finished means the factory has applied multiple, protective coats of either polyurethane, aluminum oxide, or a combination of both. These finishes protect the floor from minor scratches and wear. Of course any wood floor can be scratched, but the current factory finishes are much better than 20 years ago. The best option is to find an Acacia wood floor with either an aluminum oxide or combination of aluminum oxide and polyurethane finish. If you buy unfinished, Asian Walnut wood flooring it will have to have the protective finish applied after installation in your home. This type of in home finish is not very comparable to a factory finish as a installer can not duplicate the heat and pressure to the boards the same as a manufacturing process in a factory.

Asian Walnut is usually available in 3 colors or stains. Natural is the most common color. Actually, natural is unidentified but has a protective finish. The natural Asian Walnut boards will have a wide variety of color ranges from dark to light. The darker colors will be slightly more predominant though. Another color commonly sold is Cinnamon or sometimes called Cherry. This color has slight, red hues to give a classy, ​​semi formal look. Cinnamon is a very rich, deep stain. The final color you may find is a stain sometimes called Smoke or Toffee. Smoke stained, Asian Walnut floors have a very similar appearance to another species, Black Walnut. The stain is not actually black or extremely dark, but does have a defect, darker hue than the other colors you will find. A Smoke stain, Asian Walnut is a nice alternative to it’s cousin, Black Walnut as the Asian version may be priced slightly less.

A tip to remember when getting samples of Asian Walnut hardwood flooring is to ask for two samples. Asian Walnut, or Acacia wood has substantially different characteristics between every board. Two samples will give you a much better idea of ​​what the floor is going to look like. Another hint is once you have decided to go with a specific color or dealer, buy one box first. When you get the box, loose lay it out in an area of ​​your home to make sure you like the color and style. You may or may not be able to send the box back to the dealer, but, your initial investment will be much less than if you had purchased the entire job. If for some reason you do not like the Acacia hardwood floor, you are only out about $ 100 or so instead of thousands.

A few design and construction notes to consider are the characteristics of Asian Walnut wood flooring. Almost always, Asian Walnut is a 3/4 “solid board which is designed for a nail down installation. The Asian species of Walnut wood flooring also has a distinct grain pattern. Large swirls and a loose grain structure give Asian Walnut one of the most Unique looks of any wood species sold today. This unique grain pattern works very well in large rooms and areas. Another characteristic of Asian Walnut, or Acaica hardwood flooring is the board lengths typically are not longer than about 4 feet. A tall growing tree, so the boards tend to be slightly shorter than traditional walnut trees. A final note on Asian, Acacia Walnut properties is that that it rates very highly on the Janka Scale coming in around 2,300 The Janka scale is a measurement used to Determine the hardness of a hardwood species. The higher the number, the harder the wood At 2,300, Asian Walnut is much harder than common Oaks which are around 1,300 or so. As a reminder, any hardwood floor can be bent, sc Ratched, scuffed etc, however, the harder the wood, the tougher it is.

Best Digital SLR Cameras – How to Choose The Best DSLR Cameras

Best Digital SLR Cameras – All about DSLR Cameras

Hi, this is Steve, thanks for reading my DSLR Reviews . I enjoy taking photos, so I appreciate it captured my enjoyable moments. If you are interested to learn more about digital SLR and how to pick the best cameras to invest in for taking extraordinary photos, here's the right place!

It should bear in mind what you need your camera to do before buying any one, so now I've added information and facts that you will find helpful for you to choose the best camera. I took the details from my own experience while shopping for the perfect camera to buy.

What is the DSLR Camera?

A great number of hobbyists are desiring for a DSLR, the fact is that they have no idea what it is exactly, if have, just like "It is like the compact one in my pocket, it will be better, it is a big one . "

In my way to describe a DSLR, it would be 'All-Round'; You can use the DSLR for almost anything, taking pictures of lovely animals, beautiful landscapes or amazing astronomy, recording vivid high quality video clips.

And there is a significant difference on the price too. How much are you willing to pay for a decent camera that fits your needs? I will recommend several cameras with affordable budget!

Why a DSLR Camera is better than Compact Camera?

Having a DSLR Camera, you will benefit from:

  • Interchangeable lens – based on the kind of photography you desire, you can purchase lenses optimized for the task, rather than the one-size-fit-all lens of a compact.
  • Optical viewfinder which goes through the lens via a mirror or prism – search through the camera lens for perfect framing and find out far more detail than using the LCD screen.
  • Faster autofocus – the digital camera will focus considerably faster and with better accuracy.
  • No shutter lag – when pressing the shutter release button and taking the actual photos, no lag time in between them – you will not miss any memorable moment.
  • No delay in between pictures – you'll be able to shoot no less than 3 fps (based on the camera model it may be even to 12 fps), ideal for action shots.
  • Less noise in low light – it is possible to shoot in low light while still get usable image.

How to Choose the Best DSLR Cameras for Beginners?

Think economy

Here, economy means deep consideration on a brand: camera bodies, lenses, third-party lenses, accessories, stuff you find on, such as Amazon, eBay tutorials, seminars, and more.

All manufactures brag that their cameras have been armed with lots of features; Sometimes they provide the same thing under a different name.

Generally, I do not recommend you purchasing a high-end and most advanced camera as your first one. The money you spend on the most advanced camera can not automatically complete the amazing master piece, the miracle operator is behind of the camera – you. On the other hand, the complex options will confuse you, finally, you only work with the "fully-automatic mode", that is what your "Compact Camera" could realize. An entry level of camera could product better images with a good lens than the combination of advanced camera and crappy lens.

Which is the Best Brand for Digital Camera?

No doubt, Canon and Nikon are the most competitive and are likely to remain so for the foreseeable future.

The brand is not the most important matter, while the market share does, it should lead your choice. Let me tell you the reason, if you only need a camera and the kit lens, market share does not affect you

However, if you intend to keep investing and upgrading the hardware, choosing a most popular brand can save you money and your time, because you can easily find all sort of accessories for it, where you will have a hunt To find what you need, maybe with much more time and money.

High Resolution for DSLR Camera Is Always Necessary?

When choosing a digital camera, there are various important specs to take into account apart from which color to pick. Years ago, the way you'd approach this was to have the camera armed with the highest / biggest resolution. Everyone likes bigger one, right? It sees larger one means all-round, multifunction and more powerful. The fact under cameras is not that simple. Bigger resolution is truly fantastic, but do not forget the critical aspect – the final image quality depends a lot on the sensor size. Most DSLR cameras equipped with about 24X16mm APS (Advanced Photo System) sensors. As the resolution increases, noise increases too. The right balance is 16Mp for them. If you prefer a "Full-Frame" sensor which is very large and expensive and equipped in high-end cameras, you get a resolution of 24Mp by 36X24mm sensor. Being the first DSLR camera for beginners, it is a bit of earlier to talk about those details. Moreover, you could crop large portions of images captured through higher resolutions, but why not learn to frame the object much more effectively.

DSLR Camera: What is Live View?

A live view LCD on a digital SLR camera lets you preview the images you're about to capture using the large LCD on the back of the camera. A live view LCD is a fantastic feature for people who hate to peep the real world through a "Hole".

The continuous image shown on the LCD enables you to make sure you've got the composition right, no matter if your eye is not pressed to the viewfinder.

But hold on a sec … This " unique " feature sounds a remarkable lot just like the way every compact digital camera works.

It is, but adding a live view LCD to a digital SLR is not always a good option as it sounds.

LCDs can be handy, but they also do result in disadvantages in design overall performance; Especially, if you work with Live View, the auto-focus is going to be again slow, ending the speed advantages of SLRs over compacts. The most important aspect, the power consumption will be significantly increased. When shooting natural scenery in the wild, a DSLR camera with battery exhausted may be a good weapon against attacking from animals, instead of taking their photos back.

Optical Stabilization for DSLR Cameras?

Without using a tripod, taking pictures in low light and / or with telephoto lenses may be challenging. Almost all DSLR cameras get some type of stabilization. There is also a trick though: Canon and Nikon provide stabilization inside their lenses ( IS lenses for Canon and VR lenses for Nikon ), while Sony, Pentax and Olympus develop the stabilization function in camera body . The difference is critical simply because for Canon and Nikon you should buy IS / VR lenses , which may be quite more expensive than normal lenses, while with the other manufacturers the stabilization works with any lens. The effectiveness of stabilization is about the same in both philosophies (3-4 stops); The stabilized lenses provide the benefit of you seeing the exact stabilized image in the optical viewfinder, while stabilized bodies allow you to use any lens for the exact same effect.

Finally …

I tried to keep this guide as neutral as possible and offer you information to assist you make a decision, instead of making a choice for you. You could visit my website Best-Dslr-Camera-Guide.com, HERE for more details.